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tamil language history

It is also an official language in Sri Lanka and Singapore and has additional speakers in Malaysia, Mauritius, Fiji, and South Africa. The human culture is started on this lost continent. The literature collection in Tamil, which is a classical language, is very vast. The origins of Tamil, like the other Dravidian languages but unlike most of the other established literary languages of India, are independent of Sanskrit. Structurally, Tamil is a verb-final language that allows flexibility regarding the order of the subject and the object in a sentence. In the early 21st century more than 66 million people were Tamil speakers. Tamil is a classical language and one of the major languages of the Dravidian language family. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Tamil is the oldest living language of India and the world. NRIOL.COM, the premier online community since 1997 for the Indian immigrant community provides a range of resourceful services for immigrants and visitors in America. It is still widely spoken and an official language in Singapore, Sri Lanka. Tamil has a long literary history, and is spoken by almost 90 million … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Tamil language, member of the Dravidian language family, spoken primarily in India. your own Pins on Pinterest The simple fact that the Tamil language is still in such wide use is as surprising as it is amazing. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Tamil-language. It is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the union territory of Puducherry. 1997 © Copyright NRI Online Pvt. The oldest text found in Tamil is Tolkāppiyam. Language Logo Language Quotes Tamil Stories Gk Knowledge Lord Murugan Teaching Poetry Tamil Language … It is also an official language in Sri Lanka and Singapore and has significant numbers of speakers in Malaysia, Mauritius, Fiji, and South Africa. Modern Tamil, from the twelfth century down to the present day. In 2004 Tamil was declared a classical language of India, meaning that it met three criteria: its origins are ancient; it has an independent tradition; and it possesses a considerable body of ancient literature. Corrections? In 2004 Tamil was declared a classical language of India, meaning that it met three criteria: its origins are ancient; it has an independent tradition, and it possesses a considerable body … found in Tamil Nadu, 27 May 2007 Three granite pillars with inscriptions of Pallava and Chola kings: Pondicherry Stone Inscriptions - N.Nandivarman: Ancient rock art dating back to 1500 B.C.in Tamil … The four southernmost states of India- tamiz Nadu, kERaLa, karNAdaka, and Andra Pradesh- are predominantly linguistically Dravidian, each state carved out on the basis of predominance of the four major Dravidian languages. The shape of the letters changed enormously over time, eventually stabilizing when printing was introduced in the 16th century ce. Epigraphic attestation of Tamil begins with rock inscriptions from the 3rd century BC, written in Tamil-Brahmi, an adapted form of the Brahmi script. Tamil trade with the ancient Greeks and Romans is verified by literary, linguistic, and archaeological evidence. Early Tamil, comprising the period between the sixth century before and the sixth century after Christ; Mediaeval Tamil, between the sixth century and the twelfth century; and. Tamil literature started to apper in 300 BC, and the language used until the 700 AD is known as Old Tamil. Regional varieties of the language intersect with varieties that are based on social class or caste. It is also one of the 23 nationally accepted languages in the Indian Constitution. This language descends from Proto Dravidian. Mauritius: 72,089: Tamils are the first immigrants to Mauritius who … The Council serves to promote the awareness and greater use of Tamil language among Singaporeans. It is located south of present-day India in the Indian Ocean. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Tamil inscription, 11th century, from the Brihadisvara temple in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India. From 700-1600 AD the language is known as Middle Tamil, and since 1600 the language has been known as Modern Tamil. Linguistic reconstruction suggests that Proto Jan 2, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Prakasam Raja. Scholars have categorized the history of the language into three periods, Old Tamil (300 BCE - 700 CE), Middle Tamil … A script known as Vatteluttu (“Round Script”) is also in common use. Tamil language has the special claim of being at once classical like Sanskrit, Greek or Latin, and vigorous and modern like the modern Indian languages. Many of the poems [in Tamil] seem to belong to the post-Sangham Age. Tamil is also spoken by a significant minority in more than fifty five diaspora countries of the world including Malaysia and Mauritius.Malayalam, the native language of the neighbouring state of Kerala is considered as the closest major relative of Tamil and its resemblance to Tamil is so striking that it almost sounds like a variation of Tamil language. Estd. Vice Chancellor emeritus, University of Hyderabad. History of the Tamil Language. Of the four literary languages in the Dravidian family, Tamil is the oldest, with examples dating to the early Common Era. The material evidence suggests that the speakers of Proto-Dravidian were of the culture associated with the The Tamil have a long history of achievement; sea travel, city life, and commerce seem to have developed early among them. It is widely accepted that among these, Thirukkural was composed before the second century CE. It's not the oldest language in the world, but it is the oldest living language that's still b… The Thirukkural consists of 1330 Kural, which are short verses of seven words. Tamil is the official language of the state of Tamil Nadu, and also has official status in Sri Lanka and Singapore. Three periods have been distinguished through analyses of grammatical and lexical changes: Old Tamil (from about 450 bce to 700 ce), Middle Tamil (700–1600), and Modern Tamil (from 1600). It was ruled by several kings. Tamil (தமிழ் tamiḻ) is one of the classical languages of India, the other one being Sanskrit Language.Tamil is one of the major languages of the Dravidian family of languages. Find out the history of Indian paintingKnow more, Find the list of National Symbols of IndiaKnow more, Statistical information of IndiaKnow more, Tourism information and packages for your holidayKnow more, Offers resourceful information for people new to AmericaKnow more, In this channel you will find immigration information in the USAKnow more, Overseas travel insurance offered by Indian companiesKnow more, International travel insurance offered by American companiesKnow more, Indian fables, Jataka tales, Hitopadesha, PanchatantraKnow more, It has resourceful information for people who are planning to return to IndiaKnow more. The Muslims—adherents of Islam—usually speak Tamil. The major addition to the alphabet was the incorporation of Grantha letters to write unassimilated Sanskrit words, although a few letters with irregular shapes were standardized during the modern period. Tamil language is a member of the Dravidian/ South Indian family of languages. Linguistic reconstruction suggests that Proto-Dravidian was spoken around the third millennium BC, possibly in the region around the lower Godavari river basin in peninsular India. Historically, one of the main sources for loan words has been Sanskrit, an Indo-European language that is a sister language of Latin and Greek, and a parent language of Hindi, Bengali, and other northern Indian languages. Historical Leaders like Kamaraj, Rajaji, C.N Annadurai, M.G.R, Karunanidhi and J.Jayalalitha … Bharatanatyam, tamilsk klassisk dans. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The "national-type" school's medium of instruction is either in Tamil or Chinese. This has created diglossia—a system in which there are distinct differences between colloquial forms of a language and those that are used in formal and written contexts.

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